Dr. Isidor Apothecary and Perfumery offers to you the complete set of calendula products, excellent facial wash based on calendula extract, calendula based facial toner, calendula facial lotion which we highly recommend for the morning facial treatment for women who use the makeup products and a foundation, calendula facial serum (highly concentrated calendula based serum / elixir) excellent for the night facial treatment after removing makeup and foundation, calendula based hand/body lotion, pure calendula salve, and calendula extract and oil with extraordinary healing properties. All products are 100% natural, made of organically grown Calendula officinalis in the North Georgia Appalachian Mountains. Calendula products offered by Dr. Isidor Apothecary and Perfumery are based on ancient and traditional formulas of Mediterranean countries (Italy, France, Spain, Tunis, Morocco, Egypt, Greece, Balkan Peninsula etc.).
Importantly, the cosmetic industry adapts to the needs and demands of consumers seeking to limit the use of preservatives such as paraben and develop of preservative-free or self-preserving cosmetics, where preservatives are replaced by raw materials of plant origin including Calendula officinalis (Herman A., et al., 2013) which is three times stronger than methylparaben.
Calendula – marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) is a sacred, medical plant abundant with antioxidants, antimicrobial and anti-aging properties.
Calendae (Latin) means THE FIRST. Calendula is a magical, medicinal plant with extraordinary healing properties. Ancient Egyptians called calendula the herb of natural beauty and used calendula abundantly in apothecary products and perfumery. According to the traditional astrology Calendula officinalis – marigold is the Sun plant, the same as sunflower and its younger “brother” St. John wart. Many Mediterranean apothecary products combine calendula – marigold and St. John wart.
According to a scientific literature, calendula contains numerous antioxidants and strong antimicrobial properties that exhibit anti-aging, skin healing and rejuvenating effects.
These ancient formulas have been adopted at the Dr. Isidor Apothecary and Perfumery and we offer them to you.
Age gracefully and wisely without costly and harsh cosmetics and beauty product intoxicants.
Calendula officinalis L. is an annual plant native to the Mediterranean area, although it is widely spread throughout the world as an ornamental plant.
Rich in oxygenated monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, calendula flower-heads have variable essential oil concentrations: up to 0.12% in the ligulate flowers and up to 0.4% in the inflorescence receptacle. The ligulate flowers can contain up to 0.88% flavonoids and the capitula contain a variety of triterpene alcohols. Calendula also contains phenol acids, tannins, carotenoids, saponosides, coumarins and polysaccharides (mucilage).
The exposure to ultraviolet radiations (UVR) is the key source of skin sunburn; it may produce harmful entities, reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to aging. The skin can be treated and protected from the injurious effects of ROS by using various pharmaceutical formulations, such as calendula cream. Cream can be loaded with antioxidants to quench ROS leading to photo-protective effects. Moreover, modern medicines depend on ethnobotanicals for protection or treatment of human diseases (Jadoon et al., 2015).
Traditional uses of calendula
Calendula as medicine and a coloring agent was known to old herbalists, apothecary masters especially Arabs and Hindus. It has long been used topically to treat skin ulcers, infected wounds, diaper rash, eczema, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, periodontitis and conjunctivitis. In recent years, the scientific community has undertaken research on plant extracts, searching for compounds with pharmacological activities that can be used in diverse fields of medicine. Calendula officinalis L. is known to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and wound healing properties when used to treat skin burns. The topical application of Calendula officinalis after tendon transection increases the concentrations of collagen and non-collagenous proteins, as well as the collagen organization in the initial phase of healing (Aro A.A. et al., 2015).
Cosmetic properties of calendula
Due to the presence of polysaccharides (mucilage), flavonoids (especially quercetrin-3-O-glycoside), triterpenes and carotenes, which act on the metabolism of glycoproteins and on collagen fibers, this is one of the most extensively used actions of calendula. More recent research suggested that the water extracts of calendula flowers, applied on skin wounds, play a role as microvascularization inducing agent, thus contributing to speed up healing process (Alonso J., 2004).
According to ESCOP, calendula (flower) is recommended for the local treatment of skin and mucosae inflammation, as a co-adjuvant in wound-healing processes and to treat contusions and skin burns.
Moisturizing activity of calendula
Calendula, due to its saponin and mucilage content has moisturizing properties making it ideal in formulations for dry, irritated, damaged or very delicate / sensitive skin.
Anti-inflammatory activity of calendula
Extensive use in cosmetics as well as in dermatology has been made of calendula in topical preparations because of its anti-inflammatory activity and clinical efficacy has long been demonstrated (Della Loggia et al. 1994).
Immunomodulatory activity of calendula
Presence of immune-stimulatory polysaccharides in its composition provides immunomodulatory properties of calendula. It is important that the immune system of the skin keeps active so that it can protect the skin from the damage produced by internal as well as external agents. The Langerhans cells and the keratinocytes are the key cells in the epidermal immune system. During the ageing process, especially photo-aging, the immune system progressively deteriorates and its activation turns slower, thus resulting in decreased cell renewal.
Cosmetic Applications of calendula
In a summary, calendula’s flavonoids, polysaccharides, triterpenes, carotenes provides potent anti-aging properties. Calendula’s saponines and polysaccharides provide moisturizing and soothing properties. Abundant triterpenes provides anti-inflammatory properties and generally polysaccharides of calendula provide immunomodulatory and anti-aging properties. Calendula based extracts improves hydration and firmness of skin (Akhtar N., et al., 2011).
Importantly, Calendula officinalis extract, C officinalis flower, C officinalis flower extract, C officinalis flower oil, and C officinalis seed oil are cosmetic ingredients derived from Calendula officinalis. These ingredients contain minerals, carbohydrates, lipids, phenolic acids, flavonoids, tannins, coumarins, sterols and steroids, monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, triterpenes, tocopherols, quinones, amino acids, and resins. Overall, these ingredients are not genotoxic. They also are not irritating, sensitizing, or photosensitizing. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel concluded that these ingredients are safe for use in cosmetics in the practices of use and concentration given in this amended safety assessment (Anderson F.A., et al., 2010).
Dr. Isidor Apothecary and Perfumery